Castelfranco Veneto
The name Castelfranco comes from the fact that in the past the town was a “free castle” exempt from taxes for its first defending inhabitants. The castle was erected on a pre-existent terraplain on the west side of the river Muson as defence in borders area between Padova and Vicenza by the free Commune of Treviso at the end of XII century. The town-walls, one of the most suggestve and best preserved in the Veneto Region, has a quadrilateral plan with four towers for every corner and one more civic clock tower with the San Marco’s lion. The characteristic red colour of the walls underlines the “venetianity” of the lower town linked the Serenissima (1338-1797) for a long time. The town is universally renowned because birth place for Giorgio Barbarella called Giorgione (1478-1510), misterious genius of light and colour, one of the most extraordinary figure in the history of painting. The town houses jealously two precious gems among the few attributable to the artist; they are: the hermetic “frieze” of Marta Pellizzari house (Casa Giorgione) and the very famous “altar-piece” of the San Liberale Cathedral. True casket of pictorical treasures, the Cathedral houses a rich picture gallery with frescoes by Paolo Veronese, coming from the demolished villa Soranzo. And also worth an attentive visit are: Monte di Pietà (XVI century) seat of the municipal library; Costanzo and Rainati houses (XV century) with contemporary frescoes and numerous palaces (from XVI to XVIII century) which crown the suggestive scenary of the walls. Important commercial centre since Middle Age, with two weekly markets (Tuesdays and Sundays), the town of Castelfranco Veneto offers to the visitor, all year long, glamours happenings mainly centred on the value of its history and peculiarity. In the county-side which surrounded the red towers has been cultivated, for more than a century, the Radicchio variegato di Castelfranco (variegated chicory of Castelfranco – IGP product) which has become the button-hole of this area together with its typical cake, the “fregolotta”. Castelfranco: town that offers the beauty and the goodness of our Venetian Land.